Physio Wellness Physiotherapy Noida
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Knee Pain Treatment


Paralysis & Hemiplegia Treatment

OSTEOARTHRITIS OF KNEE JOINT

OA Knee (Osteoarthritis) Sport Injury

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis of Knee. It is a Joint Inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration. It is usually a slowly progressive degenerative disease. It is affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down over time. It can damage any joint in your body. It most often affects middle-aged and older people. from Panchsheel Physiotherapy Clinic.

STAGES OF OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • Stage1 : At this Stage, The cartilage may be slightly damaged. At this stage people are unlikely to feel any pain or discomfort..
  • Stage2 : At this Stage the symptoms of OA begin to get more noticeable, Bone spur growth increases and the space between the bones appear normal and They feel stiffness around the knee joints stiff and uncomfortable, while sitting for long period, after rising in the morning or after a workout.
  • Stage3 : At this stage the damage to the cartilage progresses and the gap between the bones become narrow and cartilage loss can be seen on X-rays..the progression of osteoarthritis of the knee people feel frequent pain when walking, running, squatting, extending or kneeling and also stiffness after sitting for long or when waking up in the morning.
  • Stage4 :At this stage, the symptoms are very visible. The joint space between the bones reduces and causes the cartilage to break down .The breakdown of cartilage leads to a chronic inflammatory response, with decreased synovial fluid that causes greater pain and discomfort when walking or moving the joint. The advanced stage of the disease shows development of more spurs causing excruciating pain.

Symptoms

  • Pain: —Pain and swelling are worse in the morning
  • Tenderness: — Joint may feel tender
  • Stiffness: —The joint may become stiff and swollen.
  • Loss of flexibility
  • The pain may often cause a feeling of weakness in the knee and resulting in a “locking” or “buckling.”
  • Many people report that changes in the weather also affect the degree of pain from arthritis.

CAUSES

  • Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. The surface of the cartilage becomes rough and the cartilage wears down completely.
  • Old Age: –The risk of osteoarthritis increase
  • Joint injuries: –Injuries that occur when playing sports or from an accident
  • Osteoarthritis..
  • Genetics:
  • Loss of strength in muscles
  • Mechanical injury.
  • Over stress joints
  • Diabetes

ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY

  • Electro modalities to relieve pain and inflammation
  • Quadriceps strengthening .
  • Hamstring stretching
  • Manual therapy
  • Taping technique
  • Strengthening exercises